Miscarriage Risk Factors
There are various risk factors that are associated with miscarriage. Although
such factors do not directly cause miscarriage, they increase chances of the miscarriage taking place. Some of
the factors that are considered miscarriage risk factors include;
· Age – advancing in age is one of the major risk factors
for miscarriage among healthy women. Women above the age of 40 are at a higher risk of miscarriage than
younger women. This risk of miscarriage increases with age because chromosomal abnormalities are more common
with advancement in age.
Number of pregnancies – how many times a woman has
been pregnant also increases her risk of miscarriage. Women that have had 2 or more pregnancies are at a greater
risk of miscarriage than those that have had one or no pregnancy.
· Follate insufficiency – reports from the National
Institute of Health (NIH) indicate that women with low levels of folic acid – a vitamin B-complex essential
for cell growth and reproduction – have higher chances of experiencing miscarriage than pregnant women who
have sufficient levels of this vitamin.
· Caffeine – some studies point to the fact that there is a
link between moderate to significant amounts of caffeine (in the range of 4-5 cups of coffee daily) and an
increased risk of miscarriage.
· Alcohol – Women that drink are twice as likely to have a
miscarriage as compared to women that abstain from alcohol during pregnancy. In fact, exposure to alcohol can
be harmful to the fetus even where a miscarriage does not occur.
· Smoking – Smoking excessively is associated with an
increased risk of miscarriage. Indeed, even paternal smoking is associated with an increased risk of
· Using certain medications and or illegal substances –
pregnant women that have taken certain prescriptions or over-the-counter drugs, including non steroidal anti
inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen have reported miscarriage. Also, illegal substances like heroin and cocaine
are associated with miscarriage.
· Environmental factors – being exposed to environmental
toxins, radiations and immunological factors has also been associated with
· Chronic maternal illnesses like diabetes mellitus, high
blood pressure as well as kidney problems may also result in miscarriages.
These miscarriage risk factors
all increase chances of miscarriage. If nothing is done about many of these risk factors, then they can
result in recurrent miscarriage.