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Miscarriage Tests

A miscarriage or the possibility of experiencing one can leave a huge amount of fright and trauma on a woman’s mind.  Whether it is your first pregnancy or your third or fourth, the idea of losing one’s child can lead to sadness and depression that can never be compared to.  Signs and symptoms of a miscarriage should be taken seriously by consulting one’s doctor and going through several tests and examinations.  To give you an idea of what these exams and tests are, let’s take a look at a few of them now.

A pelvic exam is usually the first among the many miscarriage tests to be conducted by your doctor to see if you have experienced a miscarriage or if you have a big chance of losing your baby.  Here, your doctor will check if the cervix is dilating or opening or if there is blood or fetal tissues present in the cervical opening of your vagina.  Here, the woman lies on her back with knees bent and feet supported by stirrups.  The doctor then inserts a metal or plastic device known as the ‘speculum’ inside the vagina in order to keep it wide open.  By doing this, the doctor is able to check if the size and texture of the pelvis is good and to collect samples of cervical cells to screen for cervical cancer.

Your doctor will also make you take a blood test to check your level of hCG or human chorionic gonadotropin, which is also known as the pregnancy hormone.  This is done several times so that he or she may be able to measure your hCG levels over a certain number of days to check if your pregnancy is going well and progressing or not.  This is also done because a slow-rising hCG level usually leads to miscarriage.  Blood testing is also done to check if you have Rh-negative blood.

Another required miscarriage test is an ultrasound.  Also known as a fetal ultrasound, this is a test done wherein reflected sound waves are used to produce a picture of the fetus, the placenta, and the amniotic sac.  These pictures, also known as a sonogram or a scan, are displayed on screen and are usually in black and white.  Doctors need to be able to check through ultrasound if the amniotic sac is all right, if there is the presence of fetal heartbeat, and to be able to estimate the age of the fetus. 

There are special kinds of tests for women with recurring miscarriage or having more than three miscarriages in the past.  If you are a woman who experienced several miscarriages, your doctor will be able to determine the cause through recurring miscarriage tests such as blood tests, karyotype, hormone level testing, and a pelvic ultrasound.  The blood tests are done to specifically check for antiphospholipid syndrome, which is a condition involving increases in blood clotting and problems with blood circulation.  Women would usually discover this after having an early miscarriage or losing the baby late in their pregnancy.  A karyotype, on the other hand, is a test done to determine if the mother has a chromosome defect that’s preventing her to become pregnant or causing the miscarriages to occur.  Tests to check one’s hormone levels is also done to see if a mother has polycystic ovary syndrome, which is known to be a major cause of infertility and a pelvic ultrasound is done to check for any sort of problem with the structure of the uterus. 

All of these tests are done to determine not only if a woman has miscarriage or is about to miscarry but also to find out the causes of the miscarriage.  If you believe that there is a possibility that you will miscarry, it is important that you visit your doctor to undertake these tests so that necessary action may be done to prevent it from happening.